Maritime Traffic

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Risks for biodiversity

Risks derived from maritime traffic on marine biodiversity include the following:

  • Noise pollution from ship movement
  • Discarded ships
  • Ship groundings
  • Toxical anti-fouling paints
  • Collision with marine mammals
  • Oil spills and flushing
  • Vessel carbon emissions
  • Engine emissions from vessels
  • Effects of sewage, solid waste and garbage discharge
  • Ingestion of plastic bags and others by marine vertebrates
  • Species introduction via marine vessels
  • Disturbances caused by ports and harbours construction works


The main author of this article is Smolarz, Katarzyna
Please note that others may also have edited the contents of this article.

Citation: Smolarz, Katarzyna (2009): Maritime Traffic. Available from [accessed on 8-08-2020]