(1) The environment within which an organism is normally found. A habitat is characterized by the physical characteristics of the environment and/or the dominant vegetation or other stable biotic characteristics..
(2) The locality, site and particular type of local environment occupied by an organism..
1. The place where an organism is found – i.e. a wave-cut platform, as for example in the EU species and habitats Directive;
2. The area where a species is found, as used by biogeographers; or
3. The area where a species could potentially establish itself, as used by ecologists.
Different types of habitats are listed in the article Marine habitats and ecosystems.
- Biotopes and classification systems
- Functional diversity in marine ecosystems
- Natural variability and change in coastal ecosystems
- Conservation, rehabilitation and restoration of estuarine and coastal habitats
- Lawrence E. and Henderson W.D. (2005), Henderson’s dictionary of biology, Eleanor Lawrence. 748pp.
- Lincoln R., Boxshall G. and Clark P. (1998). A Dictionary of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics (2nd Ed). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, (England). 361pp.