Diosgenin

From MarineBiotech Infopages
Revision as of 08:45, 5 October 2009 by Daphnisd (talk | contribs)
Jump to: navigation, search
Definition of diosgenin:
Diosgenin is a pharmaceutical used for the synthesis of cortisone, progesterone, and other steroid products[1].
This is the common definition for diosgenin, other definitions can be discussed in the article

Notes

<category: incomplete>

Diosgenin
Diosgenin
Formula
C27H42O3

Diosgenin is made by hydrolysis of saponins, which are extracted from Dioscorea villosa, a plant which grows in North America. It is also present in a number of other plant species which mainly occur in North America. [1]. Extracts of Dioscorea villosa containing diosgenin are sold in a variety of pharmacy and health food stores because of their presumed ability to minimize post-menopausal symptoms. [2] It is also thought to induce apoptosis in cancer cells, and to reduce high blood pressure. [3] [4]

It has a very low water solubility 0.02 mg/l, is very hydrophobic is therefore in the marine environment expected to be mostly associated to organic matter, particles and sediments. It is also expected to have a high potential towards bioaccumulation. [5]


Environmental standards and legislation

Included in the OSPAR list of substances of priority action


References